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The Best DNA Testing Kits

Who Has the Best DNA Tests?

It seems like everywhere you look these days, there are companies offering DNA Testing. The largest consumers of these DNA tests are people who want to connect with their heritage and/or living relatives, or who are hoping to gain insights into medical conditions and inherited medical predispositions that might affect their health.

Other reasons why people might want a DNA Test include establishing paternity of a child, identifying inherited traits, and detection of infidelity. But no matter the reason, one thing's for sure: DNA Testing has exploded in popularity as its reliability and usefulness continues to grow.

Saturday, January 23rd

2021 DNA Testing Kit Reviews

TopConsumerReviews.com Best-In-Class Blue Ribbon Award 23 and Me Review 5 Star Rating

23 and Me

5 Star Rating
  • Cost: From $99 to $199
TopConsumerReviews.com Best-In-Class Blue Ribbon Award

23andMe is one of the only DNA testing services that offers one-stop shopping for both health and ancestry information, giving customers insights into their family background, inherited traits, and possible health predispositions.

All it takes is a simple saliva sample, and 23andMe does the rest. They generate more than 90 reports, depending on whether you choose just the ancestry test or both health and ancestry. Results come via email in as little as 2-4 weeks.

Depending on what you're looking for, 23andME offers 2 types of services:

Ancestry Service

  • Over 40 reports with information that includes Ancestry Composition, Maternal/Paternal Lineage, and Neanderthal components
  • Coverage includes more than 150 regions worldwide
  • Trace ancestry back 1,000 years or more
  • Find long-lost relatives - connect with people who share DNA with you
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Health and Ancestry Service

  • Ancestry: The same reports as in their Ancestry-only package. This includes over 40 reports with information that includes Ancestry Composition, Maternal/Paternal Lineage, and Neanderthal components
  • Health Predisposition: More than 10 reports that show your genetic risks for conditions such as Type 2 Diabetes, Age-Related Macular Degeneration, Celiac Disease, and Parkinson's
  • Physical Traits: More than 30 traits that describe your tendencies, such as taste preferences, likelihood of adult hair loss, and more
  • Wellness: Muscle Composition, Alcohol Flush Reaction, and Lactose Intolerance are included in more than 5 reports that can help you make better-informed decisions about health habits
  • Carrier Status: More than 40 reports help determine if you're a carrier for genetic conditions like Hereditary Hearing Loss, Cystic Fibrosis, and Sickle Cell Anemia

If you are hoping to connect not just with your ancestral background but also with living relatives, 23andMe has a strong database with over 5 million people worldwide. You may find relatives that you never knew about! 23andMe will even tell you how you are likely related (third cousins, fifth cousins, and so on). 23andMe is committed to maintaining your privacy, so your results are only shared and viewable if you give your explicit consent. You can also opt to provide your results for research purposes, but there's no requirement to do so.

The regular price for the Ancestry testing is $99, while the Health & Ancestry kit is $199. We found frequent promotions, especially around holidays like Mother's Day, Christmas, and New Year's. These sales included discounts of up to $20 per kit, buy-two-get-one-free, and buy-two-and-save-20%. Shipping is typically $9.95 per kit.

Whether you're looking for insights into your ancestry, your medical conditions, or a connection with your roots and living relatives, 23andMe is the most comprehensive, affordable service currently available. They earn our top ranking among companies offering DNA Testing.

Ancestry Review 4.5 Star Rating

Ancestry

4.5 Star Rating
  • Cost: $99 for the first kit, $89 for additional kits

Ancestry is one of the most well-known names in family history research; you've probably seen commercials featuring people who thought their whole lives that they were Irish only to discover through DNA testing that they're actually of German heritage. If your reason for having your DNA tested is to make connections with your family history, both with living relatives and by exploring your heritage, Ancestry offers the widest membership database in the world.

Their DNA test is simple: fill the collection tube with saliva (no neat little buccal swab here), send it in, and wait for your results. Because of the company's popularity, you may wait a month or longer to get your test analyzed, especially if it's during a popular promotion. For example, the test is regularly priced at $99, but we were able to take advantage of a holiday sale price of $79. It took a little over a week to get our kit in the mail, and after Ancestry received it, we got our results in just over a month.

We were able to personally confirm that the DNA tests conducted by Ancestry are accurate: without entering any identifying information, it matched us with our mother with a confidence level of "Extremely High" (thank goodness for no surprises there!). The other more distantly-related relatives were all matched with appropriate levels of confidence as well; the only less-than-accurate match-up we saw was Ancestry's suggestion that a person was related as a possible child, when the confirmed relationship was "child of her half-brother". But, that's exactly why Ancestry gives confidence levels, and not absolute guarantees of a relationship; you have to apply your own research skills at times, to confirm or refute possible genetic connections.

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Fortunately, Ancestry is the number one genealogy website currently available to researchers, and by using their DNA testing service, you can choose to have your results connected to other users. After our test was done, we were able to access our "DNA Story", which gave us a much more detailed "ethnicity estimate" than other DNA testing services we had used previously. It accurately tracked our ancestry through Pennsylvania - again, without our having entered any kind of family tree information or other records beforehand - and gave us a breakdown of our roots specific to Great Britain, Eastern and Western Europe, and other areas of lower likelihood.

Even more interesting were the DNA Matches: we could see a grid of pictures of those who were likely relatives at the level of fourth cousins or closer, along with the ability to reach out to any of those users. It's important to understand that these matches don't tell you through which family line you're related; once again, it requires some effort - and probably collaboration - to figure out if it's through your paternal grandmother, your maternal great-great-grandmother, and so on. We were given a list of 458 Ancestry users who were 4th cousins or closer and got responses from many of them.

Another great perk of using Ancestry: if you create a family tree, Ancestry will make suggested connections not only to relatives but also to the billions - yes, billions - of records already available on the site. You'll have to get a paid membership to access all of the records Ancestry provides, but with an average of 2 million new records added daily, it's definitely worth the investment if you're looking for historical records to document a possible family relationship. These memberships are usually priced at $99 to $189 for 6-month and 12-month subscriptions to US records, and $149 to $299 for US plus international records. But, Ancestry offers regular discounts both on their DNA tests and their subscription plans, especially around holidays like Mother's Day and Christmas, so keep a lookout.

For all of these reasons, Ancestry is the hands-down winner for DNA testing if you're looking to explore your family history and connect with people you never knew were your relatives. They earn a five-star rating, only missing the first-place ranking because they do not offer any kind of health assessment/analysis in their test. We highly recommend them for genealogical purposes.

My Heritage Review 4 Star Rating

My Heritage

4 Star Rating
  • Cost: $59

MyHeritage has been a key partner in the increasingly-popular world of genealogy research, not just in the US but worldwide. With 96 million users from around the planet - and even a website that's available in 40+ languages - this site makes it possible to connect with relatives from just about everywhere.

Their DNA testing is a more recent complement to their family history focus. Because of this, their DNA database is smaller than Ancestry: just over a million compared with more than six million results, though both are growing daily. Also, MyHeritage only has 42 ethnic regions comprising its results, while Ancestry separates results into 150 - which means that you'll get a less-specific set of results to pinpoint your heritage.

Best DNA Testing Kits

But, MyHeritage comes out strong in terms of simplicity and pricing: for $59, your sample is processed with a simple cheek swab, rather than having to fill a vial with saliva. Why does that matter? Imagine trying to get that kind of sample from an infant or an elderly person! A cheek swab is much less effort.

MyHeritage is also a better service when looking at how long it takes to get test results; where Ancestry can take a month or longer, MyHeritage usually returns results within 3-4 weeks at most. This company also has one of the industry's best track records when it comes to protecting your data and privacy.

Overall, MyHeritage's DNA testing isn't as comprehensive when compared with several other services, but as their database expands to match their site membership, they may emerge as a bigger competitor among those looking to get genetic information to connect with their family history.

Living DNA Review 3.5 Star Rating

Living DNA

3.5 Star Rating
  • Cost: $159

Living DNA is based in the UK and offers DNA testing for the purpose of exploring your family history. Testing is done by a simple cheek swab, and your results take from 10-12 weeks to be delivered.

How does Living DNA measure up against other companies that offer genealogy-focused DNA testing? It depends on what you're looking for. If you want answers to health questions, like inherited diseases or traits, you won't find it here. You also won't find a database with other users, in order to connect you with relatives who have also submitted samples for testing; according to the company, that service is "coming soon". Those could be two drawbacks.

On the other hand, if you suspect (or know) that you have ancestry from the British Isles - like we do - this test could give you a much richer window into your heritage. Living DNA breaks their results down into approximately 80 regions - more than some competitor sites, fewer than at least one other - but with respect to the British Isles, they break it down into 21 separate, smaller areas. You can get probability estimates as specific as Devon, Northumbria, Northern Ireland/Southwest Scotland, and more, which is far more detailed in that part of the world than any other service.

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Living DNA's testing is more expensive than most, with a regular price of $159. However, this test incorporates three separate tests in one, giving you more for your money than most of the competition: instead of just getting your basic family ancestry (autosomal), you also get an analysis along your mother's line (mtDNA) and your father's (y-DNA). With other services, you'll pay a la carte for each of those three types of testing if they're even available; many genealogy-based DNA tests only study the basic family line and don't offer mtDNA or y-DNA analysis.

At the time of our review, Living DNA was offering their test at a discounted price of $99. Shipping costs $9.95 for standard delivery (5-7 business days) and $39.95 for premium delivery (2-3 business days).

Living DNA is still expanding what they offer, and we look forward to seeing how they compare when they add the ability to connect with other users. For the time being, their service is probably best for people with a strong family history connection in the UK who want to focus in closely on their roots in that part of the world.

Live Well Testing Review 3 Star Rating

Live Well Testing

3 Star Rating
  • Cost: From $139.99 to $349.99

San Diego-based Live Well Testing believes in "a healthier and happier world for everyone" by offering affordable, accessible testing solutions for people, pets, and even their environments.

You'll find a total of 9 DNA-based tests offered at this company:

  • 3 tests for Health: CellMax Cancer Risk, Blood Type, Labrix FindWhy Weight (tests 5 genes known to affect metabolism)
  • 6 tests for Familial Relationships: Avuncular (compare child with alleged aunt/uncle), Twin Zygosity (to determine identical/fraternal), Grandparent, Maternity, Paternity, Sibling

Especially when it comes to less-direct family relationships, Live Well offers a broader range of testing than many of their competitors. Once your samples are received at their lab, results are typically available within 3-5 business days - an excellent turnaround timeframe.

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Depending on the type of test you order and whether or not you need it to be legally admissible in court, tests cost between $139.99 and $349.99. Live Well offers additional savings: free shipping on every order, and a 15% discount on future orders for every product review you enter on their website. Also, if you subscribe to their mailing list, you'll get coupon codes and access to promotions year-round.

We would have liked to find more evidence of Live Well Testing's reputation with customers: we found very few reviews, no rating with the BBB, and no testimonials on the website.

Among the customer comments we did find, the feeling was mixed: some were very happy with the experience they had, while others were less so. We read one customer comment that said she conducted DNA tests with 3 separate companies, and Live Well was the only one that didn't confirm a match with an individual believed to be her half-sister. We were pleased to see that Live Well representatives responded to this review, though it does make us wonder where the difference in results came from.

On the other hand, many of the DNA tests on the Live Well site have customer reviews - and they're all five stars. "Easy to use", "got the results I needed", and "very fast process" are just a few of the good things clients had to say about their experience.

Overall, Live Well Testing offers an easy-to-navigate, professional-looking website, a broader variety of health and relationship-proving DNA testing than many other sites, and a fast turnaround time for results. We hope to see more customer reviews in the future, because we think Live Well will continue to be a solid choice for DNA tests.

Family Tree DNA Review 3 Star Rating

Family Tree DNA

3 Star Rating
  • Cost: $59 for Family Finder
  • From $169 to $359 for yDNA
  • From $89 to $149 for mtDNA
  • $649 for Comprehensive Genome

As the partner company for the National Geographic's genographic research project, FamilyTreeDNA enjoys a reputation as a well-respected company for DNA testing, for purposes of studying family history. The tests they offer go much more in-depth than most services that help users look into their genetic ancestry.

FamilyTreeDNA has tests in three primary categories:

  • mtDNA: This traces a subject's maternal ancestry by exploring mitochondrial DNA. It can be used to determine if two people are siblings.
  • yDNA: This is offered only for males, because it traces genetic links through paternal DNA (i.e. the y-chromosome).
  • Family Finder: This test provides an in-depth report of where one's ancestors came from geographically, and allows users to make connections with other tested relatives in their database
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Of all the tests offered by FamilyTreeDNA, the Family Finder is the most popular. It gives you a percentage breakdown of your ancestral background and allows you to connect to their database of other users. The price of this test has gone down significantly over the past few years; at the time of our review, it had dropped from the original price of $99 to an everyday price of $59.

If you prefer to analyze your genetic makeup more closely, specifically delving into information that can only be accessed through your mother or through your father, you'll want to take a look at the mtDNA and yDNA tests. FamilyTreeDNA offers various packages that combine these types of inquiry; the higher the price of the test, the more genetic markers the test will cover. These too allow for connecting with their databases and finding relatives, as well as joining group projects and working with experts in a particular lineage.

One of the few drawbacks we identified with FamilyTreeDNA is the relatively small database. They don't publish the actual number of records they maintain, but in digging around we were able to determine that it's likely less than a million. Compared with other services currently available - that can have as many as six times that amount - these DNA tests may give you much more detailed information, but fewer people with whom it may connect you.

For that reason, FamilyTreeDNA remains in the middle of the pack with respect to DNA testing. They offer a depth of testing for ancestry purposes that can't be matched by most services, but it will cost you. And, with fewer available connections once those tests are completed, FamilyTreeDNA can't compete with some of the bigger names on the market.

Medimpex Review 3 Star Rating

Medimpex

3 Star Rating
  • Cost: From $129 to $249

For almost 20 years, Medimpex has been producing and distributing a broad range of testing directly to consumers, including forensic, drug, alcohol and DNA testing. They enjoy an excellent reputation, as shown by an "A+" grade with the Better Business Bureau.

You won't find a lot of bells and whistles on the Medimpex site, but the information about the testing they offer is clear, making it easier than some of their competitors to determine which products you need. Their main products are infidelity testing and DNA paternity testing.

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For a Basic DNA Paternity test, you'll pay $199, with free shipping on orders of $50+. This test requires the collection of DNA from the child and the possible father. If you'd like an even more thorough test, you can opt for the Full DNA Paternity test, which uses mother, father, and child samples. This upgraded version sells for $249.

All orders ship by USPS or UPS, depending on the speed selected. Once your test has been completed, you can get your testing kit in the mail as quickly as the following day; the cheapest option is First Class Mail, which takes 5-8 business days. The Medimpex site doesn't specify how long it takes to complete your DNA testing once your samples have been received.

If you're looking for a reputable DNA testing company for the specific purpose of paternity testing, Medimpex is a good choice.

American Screening Corporation Review 2 Star Rating

American Screening Corporation

2 Star Rating
  • Cost: From $1 to $245 plus possible additional lab fees
  • Some tests require calling for price

Based in Louisiana, American Screening Corporation has been in business for over 15 years and enjoys a solid reputation as an accredited, "A+"-rated business with the Better Business Bureau. This company focuses on selling drug and medical testing and supplies directly to the consumer.

With respect to DNA, the only types of testing you'll find here are Parentage, Infidelity, and Siblingship. Most tests are completed within 5-7 business days and returned via plain envelope that has no company name or logo on the outside, to help maintain customers' privacy.

The website is outdated and not very easy to figure out. At first glance, it seems that their DNA tests are all very inexpensive, with some selling for just $1. But, when you look at the product image and description, you see that there's also a $125 lab fee. v

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We tried using the live chat to get answers to our questions, especially about how much the testing costs in total and where we'd be expected to pay those additional lab fees. We were connected to a representative right away, who asked to call us on the phone. When we said that we didn't have our phone handy, she asked which product we were looking at. Although we provided that information right away, the representative never returned to the chat.

There also was a lot of missing information in American Screening Corporation's product descriptions. We got excited when we saw something that looked like it would test a dog's DNA - we could finally find out if our rescue dog indeed was part Boston Terrier! - but there was no further information when we clicked on the product.

We like that ASC has a well-established history in direct-to-consumer lab testing, including DNA tests. But, our experience with trying to place an order was confusing at best. There wasn't enough information available to be sure that we were getting the test we needed, or to know exactly how much we'd have to pay for lab processing fees. For these reasons, ASC drops a star compared with our last rating; we hope to see improvements in their online business, especially when it comes to live chat representatives and product descriptions.

Home DNA Review 1.5 Star Rating

Home DNA

1.5 Star Rating
  • Cost: $69

HomeDNA offers a simple ancestry-focused DNA test. Purchase your kit, swab your cheek, send in your kit, and get your results in 3-4 weeks. It doesn't get much easier than that. And, with a regular price of just $69 - or even $59, with the promotion running when we purchased our kit - it's one of the most affordable DNA tests on the market. But, is it worth it?

We found our results using HomeDNA to be much less specific, and at the same time, harder to interpret. Our genetic heritage was only ranked according to four different "ancient population groups": European, East Asian, Indigenous American, and Sub-Saharan African. With a test subject whose known ancestry is almost completely European, it was no surprise to find that the test came back as 95% from that continent. Other companies' DNA tests, however, gave a much more specific breakdown: 62% British Isles, 25% Scandinavian, etc. HomeDNA almost left us with more questions than answers.

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Much of what is provided on the report left us scratching our heads, asking "What does this even mean? Why do I need to know this?" Check out the sample report and see for yourself: it's the big, red button next to the Product Overview section of the homepage.

Also, HomeDNA has absolutely no connection to any kind of database, so your tests literally stop with you. Some may prefer that kind of privacy, rather than worry about their information being linked (even inadvertently) to living relatives, but most people who want an ancestral DNA test do want some way to find people they're related to.

When it comes to DNA testing, HomeDNA just doesn't have much to offer other than a vague summary of broad regions that your ancestors likely came from. We recommend you choose one of the higher-ranked DNA testing companies in our review.

Compare the Best Reviews

Continued from above...

It's important to point out that, as a consumer industry, these DNA tests and the results that come from them are still an emerging science. This is especially true when it comes to testing for ancestry, where one's results are best considered a probability estimate and not an absolute conclusion. For example, you could have a DNA test done today that shows your heritage as 60% British Isles and 40% Eastern Europe, but re-running the same test in five years could show a slightly different balance as more people are tested and the estimates become more accurate.

Similarly, testing done to determine DNA traits and predispositions for medical conditions should be taken as one piece of the puzzle, not a foregone conclusion. Most experts recommend discussing these results with your doctor or a geneticist before making any drastic changes or coming to any written-in-stone conclusions regarding your future health.

On the other hand, DNA testing has been highly accurate when determining parentage. False positives are rare: if your test shows that Person X is the father of a particular child, those results are very likely to stand up in court.

There are many different companies offering DNA testing today, so it's important to know which ones offer the service you need before you purchase a home test kit. As you consider which company to use, you should keep in mind the following criteria:

  • Focus. Does the company offer DNA tests primarily for genealogy purposes, health testing, or paternity? Can you get a comprehensive test for multiple purposes (like ancestry and health background)?
  • Price. DNA testing fluctuates in price, with fees ranging from less than $50 to well over $500. Because these services have become more popular recently, you may be able to find promotions and discounts at certain times of the year.
  • Results. Have people used this service and been satisfied with the information received? If you're using a DNA test to explore your family history, how well does the company connect people with living relatives? (In other words, how big is their database of users who want to share their information with blood relations?)
  • Reputation. Does the company have a good track record for accurate testing and protection of privacy?

TopConsumerReviews.com has reviewed and ranked the best DNA Testing companies available today. We hope these reviews help you find the DNA information you're looking for!

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DNA Testing Kit FAQ

The two most common reasons for testing DNA are to determine one's ancestry and to identify underlying health conditions or predispositions. DNA testing may also be done to determine a child's paternity or detect infidelity.
Fortunately, no. A simple cheek swab or vial of saliva that can be returned by mail is usually all that's required.
That depends on the testing service you select. Some companies deliver your results in 1-4 weeks, while others have been known to take a month or longer.
Not necessarily. You'll probably pay somewhere between $59 and $649, depending on how comprehensive your selected test is.
Most of the time, no. DNA test kit prices usually include the cost of delivering the test to your home or office, the return shipping fees to the lab, and the cost of analyzing your sample.
DNA testing protocols are constantly evolving, especially with respect to tracking one's ancestry. Many of the companies use the company Helix to sequence your DNA. The individual companies are then responsible for interpreting the DNA results. You will see some differences between the different testing providers. Also, you may also want to share your results with your healthcare provider, so he or she can confirm any of the health-related results and request additional testing as needed.
Possibly, but that will depend on several factors. Not only will your relatives have to choose the same DNA testing platform as you, but both of you will have to set your account permissions to show DNA matches and to allow messages. That being said, thousands of people have connected with previously-unknown family members using many of today's most popular DNA testing providers.
That's an important question. Most DNA testing services promise to maintain your privacy by requiring your consent to share your results for matching or research purposes. You'll have to determine your own risk tolerance when it comes to concerns about data breaches, court subpoenas, and other ways your data could be accessed.
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